News from the Accelerator- September 2021

Elections

The Psychological Science Accelerator (PSA) is accepting self-nominations for Assistant Directors of our Project Monitoring, Data & Methods, Study Selection, and Funding Committees! Assistant Directors directly shape the direction of the PSA any many ways, including (a) helping establish committee-specific vision plans to help the PSA achieve its mission and adhere to its core principles, (b) overseeing day-to-day committee-specific operations, and (c) providing regular updates to the PSA Director and Associate Directors about progress and problems. They are elected by majority vote by the PSA Board of Directors and serve 3 year terms. All who are interested are encouraged to apply here: https://forms.gle/ZNyhZCz4GenazbYG6

Study updates:

  • PSA-002 (Object Orientation): The lead team has submitted the manuscript to PBR and is now awaiting feedback.
  • PSA-003 (Gendered Prejudice): The lead team is finalizing translation and preparing for data analysis. Thanks to all who reached out following the last newsletter’s request for help with translation!
  • PSA-004 (Accelerated CREP): The lead team is currently working on data processing, data analysis, and authorship credit tracking. They are also looking for people to code open-ended responses for Chinese, Russian, and Greek. Contact Savannah to help with coding (slewis16@ashland.edu).
  • PSA-005 (Stereotype Threat): Data collection will resume on October 11, 2021. The lead team has created a checklist on Canvas to guide labs in preparations for data collection. Each collaborator should have been added to the Canvas course. If you have not please email psa005stero@gmail.com!
  • PSA-006 (Trolley Problem): The lead team has submitted the Stage II submission to Nature Human Behavior.
  • PSA-007 (SPAM-L): SPAML is still recruiting collaborators, with contribution opportunities available through the Words2Many and Subs2Strudel pre-projects. The lead team has begun the first rounds of the registered report and will soon be sending these out to contributors for feedback. If you are interested in becoming a collaborator or want to learn more about 007 please email 007spaml@gmail.com
  • PSA-COVID Rapid Bundle (001/002/003)- 
    • PSACR001 (Loss Gain) has been submitted to Affective Science.
    • PSACR002 (Cognitive Reappraisal) has been published in Nature Human Behavior.
    • PSACR003 (Self Determination) was resubmitted to PNAS.

PSACON

Today is the last day to submit a presentation to the second annual PSA CON!! October 27th is the deadline for registration. See you all there!

Canvas

The PSA is slowly integrating our new membership website to Canvas. We will be starting to add in every member in the next couple of months. Be sure to check your inbox for your invitation.

News from the Accelerator- August 2021

Quick read: 

  • The PSACR-002 Cognitive Reappraisal project is now published in Nature Human Behaviour
  • The PSA virtual conference is still accepting presentation submissions and registration is still open! 
  • The PSA membership website is moving to Canvas. Each member will get an email soon with instructions regarding next steps.  

Study updates:

  • PSA-002 (Object Orientation): PSA-002 got a lot of great feedback on the Stage 2 manuscript from collaborators. The lead team is working through the feedback and plans to send collaborators an updated manuscript for additional feedback very soon.
  • PSA-003 (Gendered Prejudice): The lead team is currently in the process of translating the open-ended participant responses. Several languages have completed the translation process, and the lead team is soliciting volunteers for the remaining languages (Portuguese, Polish and Chinese).
  • PSA-004 (Accelerated CREP): The lead team is currently working on data processing, data analysis, and authorship credit tracking. 
  • PSA-005 (Stereotype Threat): The lead team anticipates starting in-person data collection on Monday, October 11, 2021. The team will also be recruiting new collaborators until Friday, September 3, 2021. If you are interested in becoming a collaborator or want to learn more about 005 please email psa005stero@gmail.com.
  • PSA-006 (Trolley Problem): The lead team has submitted the Stage II submission to Nature Human Behaviour and is waiting for feedback.
  • PSA-007 (SPAM-L): SPAM-L is still recruiting collaborators for the Words2Many and Subs2Strudel pre-projects. SPAM-L admin team is also working on putting together IRB documents (if necessary), and the lead team is working on drafting a  Registered Report. If you are interested in becoming a collaborator or want to learn more about PSA-007, please email 007spaml@gmail.com
  • PSA-COVID Rapid Bundle- 
    • PSACR-001 (Loss Gain) has been submitted to Affective Science.
    • PSACR-002 (Cognitive Reappraisal) is published in Nature Human Behavior.
    • PSACR-003 (Self-Determination) is incorporating coauthor feedback in preparation for a resubmission to PNAS.

Canvas

The PSA is slowly integrating our new membership website to Canvas. Canvas is designed for teaching, so many of the terms online are focused on teaching – but we plan to explore Canvas as a project management tool. We have officially added every PSA member to the system. You should get an email in the next couple of weeks saying you have been added to our PSA membership course. You should also receive an email containing a guide for how to navigate this new membership website

PSA Virtual Conference (PSACON)

This year’s conference will take place on Oct 28th, 29th and 30th from 7:00 to 19:00 UTC. You can now see our drafted schedule and booklet to see some of our exciting presentations. If you have not already, you can register and submit a presentation for the second annual virtual PSA CON! This year’s conference looks like it will be very exciting, and we have thus far been able to accommodate all members who have requested free access to the conference. We look forward to seeing you there! 

Open Science SEA

The PSA is partnering with the Advancing Science in Southeast Asia Web Conference 2021! The conference will be held virtually on October 29, 2021, and you can still register at http://sciencesea2021.com

Releasing the Results of the PSA’s COVID-Rapid Project

The PSACR Administrative Leadership Team
Heather Urry, Hannah Moshontz, Charles Ebersole, Jeremy K. Miller, 
Nicholas Coles, Maximilian Primbs, Erin Buchanan, Patrick S. Forscher

On March 13, 2020, the PSA put out a call for rapid and impactful studies on the psychological aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic. The goal of the call was to initiate the PSA’s COVID-Rapid Project, or PSACR, which would test whether our “big team science” model of massively collaborative psychology could contribute to a psychological understanding of the pandemic.

Now, a year and a quarter later, PSACR is bearing its first fruit. The scope of the project is staggering. According to our project methods, our project produced three core studies, a general health behavior survey, a dataset spanning over 47,000 participants and 44 languages and dialects in 110 countries, with a team of 467 collaborators. Moreover, we produced all these products on a budget of a bit less than $17,000 USD – of which $7,000 was donated by PSA members.

Just as impressive were the hurdles we had to overcome to produce these results. We obtained ethics approval across all our data collection sites, a process that involved huge administrative back-and-forth. We coordinated a translation team of at least 268, who completed forward translation, backward translation, and cultural adjustment processes. We coordinated 18 lab grants and the purchase of 15 semi-representative panels. We maintained two servers for data collection, programmed the project in 44 languages in formr, and completed a massive process of debugging. To maintain quality control, we coordinated a process of internal review before executing the project and revision processes when writing the papers that communicated the results.

We believe that our scientific results justify this massive effort. Our project has produced three highly precise and global tests of questions that are both theoretically and practically important. Moreover, we have produced a huge array of project materials in 44 languages, as well as a massive, meticulously documented dataset ripe for secondary analysis. We hope our three core studies are the first of many scientific contributions that PSACR will produce and inspire.

None of these achievements would have been possible without the PSA’s most valuable resource, its members. PSA members gave freely and generously of their skills and resources to make this project happen. Moreover, given that the author lists for these projects exceed 400, they did so knowing that they might not receive adequate compensation for their effects in the currency that most matters in academia, credit.

We list the main materials of the PSACR project below. Below that, we profile five contributors to this project. We chose these contributors to highlight people from different countries and project roles – and especially some of our many stellar contributors who are early in their careers. Although we do not have space to profile all 467 of our contributors, we hope this does something to make visible some of the many invisible contributions to the PSACR project.

PSACR Project Links

PSACR Study 001 Loss/Gain (preprint currently pre-data; OSF)

A global test of message framing on behavioural intentions, policy support, information seeking, and experienced anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic presents a critical need to identify best practices for communicating health information to the global public. It also provides an opportunity to test theories about risk communication. As part of a larger Psychological Science Accelerator COVID-19 Rapid Project, a global consortium of researchers will experimentally test competing hypotheses regarding the effects of framing messages in terms of losses versus gains. We will examine effects on three primary outcomes: intentions to adhere to policies designed to prevent the spread of COVID-19, opinions about such policies, and the likelihood that participants seek additional policy information. Whereas research on negativity bias and loss aversion predicts that loss-framing will have greater impact, research on encouraging the adoption of protective health behaviour suggests the opposite (i.e., gain-framing will be more persuasive). We will also assess effects on experienced anxiety. Given the potentially low cost and the scalable nature of framing interventions, results could be valuable to health organizations, policymakers, and news sources globally.

PSACR Study 002 Reappraisal (preprint; OSF)

A global test of brief reappraisal interventions on emotions during the COVID-19 pandemic

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has increased negative emotions and decreased positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes might have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we tested the effectiveness of reappraisal, an emotion regulation strategy which modifies how one thinks about a situation. Participants from 87 countries/regions (N = 21,644) were randomly assigned to one of two brief reappraisal interventions (reconstrual or repurposing) or one of two control conditions (active or passive). Results revealed that both reappraisal interventions (vs. both control conditions) had consistent effects in reducing negative emotions and increasing positive emotions across different measures. Reconstrual and repurposing had similar effects. Importantly, planned exploratory analyses indicated that reappraisal interventions did not reduce intentions to practice preventive health behaviours. The findings demonstrate the viability of creating scalable, low-cost interventions for use around the world to build resilience during the pandemic and beyond.

PSACR Study 003 Self Determination (preprint currently under revision; OSF)

A Global Experiment on Motivating Social Distancing during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Abstract: Finding communication strategies that can effectively motivate social distancing continues to be a global public health priority during the COVID-19 pandemic as people around the world wait to be vaccinated. This cross-country preregistered experiment (n=25,718 from 89 countries) tested hypotheses concerning generalizable positive and negative outcomes of different motivational messages encouraging social distancing that either promoted personal agency (i.e., autonomy supportive), or pressured people with shaming and blaming tactics (i.e., controlling). Participants were randomly assigned to three conditions: an autonomy-supportive message promoting reflective choices, a controlling message that was restrictive and shaming, or no message, which functioned to capture the real-life communications participants had been receiving. Results partially supported experimental hypotheses: the controlling message elicited more defiance relative to the autonomy-supportive message and increased controlled motivation (engaging in social distancing out of guilt and fear of social consequences) relative to no message, but messages did not influence behavioral intentions. Additionally, motivation to engage in social distancing out of guilt and fear of consequences correlated with more defiance and less long-term behavioral intentions to engage in social distancing, whereas motivation to engage in social distancing out of a true understanding of why the rules are important and necessary yielded the opposite patterns. Overall, this work highlights the potential harm of using shaming and pressuring language in public health communication.

Profiles of PSACR Contributors

Miguel Silan

Miguel Silan is a researcher in the Philippines affiliated with the University of the Philippines Diliman. He is working to organize the local methodological community to adopt the methods reforms and tackle the various issues of the credibility crisis. 

Migs is a long-time contributor to the PSA, first as a member of the Translation and Cultural Diversity committee, and more recently as the new Assistant Director of the Community Building and Network Expansion Committee (CBNEC). With the committee, he has co-organized the monthly PSA coffee hours, Slack engagement threads, the onboarding/welcome channel and is currently organizing a more targeted recruitment of PSA members in world regions that are under-represented in current memberships. With PSA working groups, he is also planning to establish an accessible expertise sharing within the PSA (“The Hub”) and to establish regional support groups that aims to increase culture sensitive and culturally specific research approaches. In the past Migs organized no less than three sessions for PSACON2020 and has been a frequent contributor on topics related to translation and measurement in different cultural contexts. For PSACR, Migs helped lead the development of the health behavior survey that accompanied the three core PSACR studies and was the language-wide coordinator for the Filipino versions of the PSACR project. 

Biljana Gjoneska

Biljana is a Research Associate at the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts. She has a passion for multinational studies and has participated in eight, four of which were PSA projects. Biljana also loves truly global initiatives like the PSA, where she strives to increase the visibility of her beautifully weird and non-WEIRD country (North Macedonia) in the domains of social psychology and social neuroscience.

Biljana is a more recent member of the PSA but has nevertheless been an extremely active contributor. She has participated in numerous PSA-sponsored hack-a-thons, including one on the PSA’s study selection process at PSACON2020. At PSACON2020, she presented a concept for auction of studies, that may help facilitate discussions and decision-making processes for preselection of PSA proposals. Her cumulative experiences with the PSA community inspired her to contribute to the PSA as one of its leaders; she was recently appointed as an Assistant Director on the PSA’s Ethics Committee. For PSACR, Biljana was the language-wide coordinator for Macedonian, for which she managed a team of five to complete the forward translations, backward translations, and cultural adjustments of our three core studies and the health behavior survey. Bilijana also contributed to the coding of location data for the general dataset; these data serve as the basis for the focal inferences in the three core studies.

İlker Dalgar

İlker is an Assistant Professor at Ankara Medipol University. He is also working on co-founding the Turkey Open Science Initiative, which aims to promote open and robust research practices, facilitate big team science, and facilitate discussion of and training related to research issues in Turkey.

İlker has been a long-time contributor to the PSA as an Assistant Director of the Translation and Cultural Diversity Committee. In this role, İlker helped develop the PSA’s translation procedures and standards, which have by now been implemented in nine PSA studies. İlker has also led or assisted with three PSA-themed grant proposals, all focused around increasing the participation from researchers in world regions currently underrepresented in the PSA network. For PSACR, İlker served as the language-wide coordinator for Turkish, managing a team of thirteen to complete forward and backward translations, as well as cultural adjustments, for all three core studies and our health behavior survey.

Maximilian Primbs

Max is finishing his Research Master’s in Behavioural Science. In fall, 2021, Max will begin a PhD at Radboud University, the Netherlands, where he will study situational models of implicit bias.

Even though Max joined the PSACR project very early in his career, he shouldered a huge responsibility as the project’s primary translation coordinator. For a project involving 44 languages, three primary studies, and a health behavior survey, as well as a translation team of at least 268 people, this was an enormous responsibility. The translation procedure was also more involved than is typical for many projects, involving separate forward translation, backward translation, and cultural adjustment stages. Max rose to the occasion, ensuring this massive task got done in a timely way and assisting team members with troubleshooting when issues inevitably arose. This huge responsibility whet Max’s appetite for “big team science”; Max ran for and won a seat as an Assistant Director of the Translation and Cultural Diversity Committee and has helped organize two PSA-themed conference submissions.

Savannah Lewis

Savannah was a long-time research assistant in Chris Chartier’s lab. She has now transitioned into an Assistant Director position at the Ashland University International Collaborative Research Center. She will soon be looking for PhD programs, likely starting in 2022. 

Savannah was among the PSA’s first crop of interns. She has been the invisible glue holding the PSA together, safeguarding the PSA’s transition into a full-fledged organization. She has done everything from organizing the PSA’s first conference, PSACON2020, to running the PSA’s newsletters, to administering PSA004 Accelerated CREP. For the PSACR projects, Savannah assisted with general administration and technical implementation. In these capacities, she helped manage the master spreadsheet that tracked general project progress and the complex web of interlocking spreadsheets and software that transformed the 44 language versions of the PSACR project into 44 functioning formr surveys.

News from the Accelerator- July 2021

PSACON

Registration and presentation submissions are open for the second annual virtual PSACON! This year’s conference looks like it will be very exciting, and we have thus far been able to accommodate all members who have requested free access to the conference. We look forward to seeing you there! 

Study updates:

  • PSA-002 (Object Orientation) PSA-003 (Gendered Prejudice): Data collection for 002 and 003 is officially complete! The 002 and 003 teams are now working on data cleaning and executing the pre-registered analysis plans. The lead team will be reaching out to the data collection teams for help with the coding of text responses soon.
  • PSA-004 (Accelerated CREP): The leadership team is currently working on data processing, data analysis, and authorship credit tracking.
  • PSA-005 (Stereotype Threat): Given the progress of vaccination in the US, we are hoping to collect data in the Fall! Each collaborator should have been added to the Canvas course. If you have not please email psa005stero@gmail.com!
  • PSA-006 (Trolley Problem): The lead team has submitted the Stage II submission to Nature Human Behavior.
  • PSA-007 (SPAM-L): SPAML is still recruiting collaborators, with contribution opportunities available through the Words2Many and Subs2Strudel pre-projects. If you are interested in becoming a collaborator or want to learn more about 007 please email 007spaml@gmail.com
  • PSA-COVID Rapid Bundle (001/002/003)- 
    • PSACR001 has been submitted to Science Advances.
    • PSACR002 has reviewed proofs! We are not sure when this will be officially published, but hopefully, it will show up online soon.
    • PSACR003 received a revise and resubmit from PNAS. The team expects to send out the revised manuscript with a draft author list, the revision letter, and the reviews to collaborators in the first week of August.

Canvas

The PSA is slowly integrating our new membership website to Canvas. Canvas is designed for teaching, so many of the terms online are focused on teaching – but we plan to explore Canvas as a project management tool. We will be starting to add in every member in the next couple of months. At this moment, there isn’t anything you will need to do as of right now.

News from the Accelerator- June 2021

  • Study Updates:
    • PSA-002 (Object Orientation) PSA-003 (Gendered Prejudice): Data collection for 002 and 003 is officially complete! The 002 and 003 teams are now working on data cleaning and executing our pre-registered analysis plans. The lead team will be reaching out to the data collection teams for help with the coding of text responses soon.
    • PSA-004 (Accelerated CREP): The leadership team is currently working on data processing, data analysis, and authorship credit tracking.
    • PSA-005 (Stereotype Threat): Given the progress of vaccination in the US we are hoping to collect data in the fall! We are compiling a survey of collaborators to gather information on what different universities are doing with in-person data collection this fall. If you haven’t already received this survey you should soon!
    • PSA-006 (Trolley Problem): The lead team has submitted the Stage II submission to Nature Human Behavior.
    • PSA-007 (SPAM-L): PSA 007: SPAML is still recruiting collaborators, with contribution opportunities available through the Words2Many and Subs2Strudel pre-projects. If you are interested in becoming a collaborator or want to learn more about 007 please e-mail us at: 007spaml@gmail.com
    • PSA-COVID Rapid Bundle (001/002/003):
      • PSACR002 was accepted for publication at Nature Human Behavior!
      • PSACR001 and PSACR003 are both working towards publication, and will share updates and drafts soon! (PSACR001 was rejected at PNAS) 

PSACON2021

The dates are set! Join the PSA community from October 28th-30th for three days of learning, collaborating, and socializing! This year you can expect to find conference programming in these categories: PSA/Big Team Science Updates, Panel discussions, Hackathon, Unconferences, Original Research, Posters Sessions, and Workshops. Each day will feature programming over 12 hours (based on the results of the doodle poll) to allow for flexibility between time zones and give ample opportunities for attendees to pop in and out as their schedule allows. We will be using this page to update people as we continue to organize all matters of PSACON2021. We hope to see you there!

To register and reserve your virtual seat fill out this form!

To propose a session for the 2021 Virtual Meeting of the Psychological Science Accelerator, please fill out this form!

Call for Translators!  

The Community building and Network Expansion Committee has created an infographic to help recruit members to the PSA from underpopulated regions. We are asking for some people to assist our committee by translating these for recruitment materials (2-4 pages of materials) in the following languages: Chinese, Hindi, Spanish, Arabic, Portuguese, Bangladesh, and Russia (Other languages are optional if we have people who would like to recruit in their own language)

If you or someone you know would be able to help please reach out to Miguel Silan (MiguelSilan@gmail.com) or Maximilian Primbs (maximilian.primbs@gmx.de). 

PSA Receives Funding

A grant written by Chris Chartier and Charlie Ebersole on behalf of the PSA was approved for funding by the John Templeton Foundation. The grant provides just under $1 million over three years and will allow the PSA to hire three full-time staff members. It also contains $160,000 to assist data collection labs over four (to be determined) projects. You can learn more about the grant here

CREP Partnership

Our study selection for the second Accelerated CREP update is complete! We will be replicating Study 2 from Pennycook, Cannon, & Rand (2018)Prior exposure increases perceived accuracy of fake news. Keep an eye out on our newsletter for updates; we anticipate that teams will be able to start signing up in October or earlier.

NEW MEMBERS!!

Over the past month, we have received several new members on our Slack, Twitter, and Membership website, due in part to presentations on the PSA at the Society for the Improvement of Psychological Science 2021 conference. Welcome new members! We are excited for you to join our organization. Below you will find more ways to get connected.

Slack- If you have not already you can join our Slack. Slack is a platform that PSA uses to communicate with each other, talk about our work and even learn about some fun and interesting events! To join in at our slack channel just click here to be part of our chat, and see all the interesting information that we have. 

Welcome channel– For new members joining the PSA off of amazing SIPS energy, come join our #welcome channel on slack for a comprehensive look at all PSA-relevant information. We also encourage PSA members, in general, to return to this channel as and when they need quick information about the current status of our projects & committees to see how to contribute.

Swiss Psychology Open 

We want to let you know of an exciting opportunity with the Swiss Psychology Open. The Swiss Psychology open is a new open-access journal that focuses on advancing and supporting best practices in psychological science and teaching. SPS has released two special calls for papers, one of which relates to “big team science”. The call allows for very practically oriented submissions on logistics, technical implementation, and legal challenges. For more information you can check out the call here.