News from the Accelerator- January 2022

QUICK READ: 

  • Job recruitment has begun for three positions!(Research Scientist, a Post-doctoral Researcher, and a Research Coordinator) 
  • PSA-008 Minimal and Real Group Biases is now official! For those interested in learning more or joining the project, please fill out this survey before February 15th! 

Study updates:

  • PSA-002 (Object Orientation): The lead team has received extensive feedback on our Stage 2 Registered Report submission from Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. The lead team is currently working on a strategy to address this feedback.
  • PSA-003 (Gendered Prejudice): The lead team has completed initial data analyses and is working on drafting a manuscript describing the results. 
  • PSA-004 (Accelerated CREP): The lead team is currently working on data processing, data analysis, and authorship credit tracking. Collaborators can expect the authorship survey in their inbox soon. 
  • PSA-005 (Stereotype Threat): PSA-005 data collection will continue to collect data as we enter into another academic semester. 
  • PSA-006 (Trolley Problem): The manuscript has received an acceptance with minor revisions from Nature Human Behavior. 
  • PSA-007 (SPAM-L): The team recently submitted the registered report to Nature Human Behavior, and is waiting to hear back about the manuscript’s status. The admin team is additionally working on getting the experiment finalized in lab.js while awaiting updates on the registered report submission. The project team will be sending out updates in the near future regarding ways to contribute to the current project. If you are interested in becoming a collaborator, or want to learn more about 007 please e-mail 007spaml@gmail.com.
  • PSA-COVID Rapid Bundle (001/003)- 
    • PSACR-001 is working on revising the manuscript at Affective Science.
    • PSACR-003- The lead author team is working on resolving a difficult conflict between PSA policy and PNAS policy regarding authorship. Authors of this paper were asked about their preference between a few options, and the lead author team is working to find a consensus decision or other way forward.

(Officially) Announcing PSA 008: Minimal and Real Group Biases!

Project Overview

The minimal group effect occurs when random assignment to experimentally created and otherwise meaningless social groups is sufficient to create ingroup preference. PSA 008 will examine the cultural prevalence of the minimal group effect and compare bias in favor of minimal group members to ingroup biases based on real groups (i.e., those favoring family and national group members).

Interested in learning more and (maybe) joining the project? Fill out this survey

The lead team has created an interest survey to gather information about potential data collection sites and create a contact email list. Please complete the survey by February 15 so we can include an estimated number of sites by location in our Stage 1 Registered Report (to be submitted in March). 

John Templeton Foundation Hiring Update

Christopher Chartier has begun the search to hire three full time positions funded by the John Templeton Foundation. The three positions include a Research Scientist, a Post-doctoral Researcher, and a Research Coordinator that will work with the PSA and Chris on a three year project.

All positions will begin on July 1, 2022 on a 1-year contract with the potential to renew for up to two additional years through the end of the project on June 30, 2025 and will report directly to me! You can read more about the project here (credit to @CharlieEbersole for leading the grant writing!): https://docs.google.com/document/d/1S2h0CuBlN9V9TFus3qfmRAwKXkiMoyAf/edit

The job postings and description can be found below for all those interested. If you have questions feel free to slack, dm or email Chris.(cchartie@ashland.edu) 

Research Scientist

The Research Scientist will work closely with Chris and PSA leadership to supervise the four studies and conduct meta-scientific investigations of effect-generalizability and contributor predictions. A PhD in Psychology or a related field is required. The ideal candidate will have extensive experience with large-scale multi-site collaborations.

https://www.indeed.com/viewjob?cmp=Ashland-University—Ashland,-OH&t=Research+Scientist&jk=c143333997a2447b&q=Ashland+University&vjs=3s=3

Post-doctoral Researcher 

The Post-doctoral Researcher will work closely with the Chris and PSA leadership as well as serve as a content expert in at least one of the areas of research represented in JTF’s strategic priorities. They will be responsible for working with and advising the lead researchers of the four selected projects on matters of study design and implementation. This position will give a junior researcher an excellent opportunity to refine their skills in areas of research related to JTF’s strategic priorities as well as the opportunity to take part in several high-profile research projects. A PhD in Psychology or a related field is required.

https://www.indeed.com/viewjob?cmp=Ashland-University—Ashland,-OH&t=Post+Doctoral+Researcher&jk=5547b4ff5de1e201&q=Ashland+University&vjs=3

Research Coordinator 

The Research Coordinator will work closely with Chris and PSA leadership to facilitate and monitor all aspects of the project, including communicating directly with all data collection laboratories, tracking and communicating progress on the 4 studies, and coordinating with all PSA committees to ensure efficient progress throughout the conduct and dissemination of the studies. This position is a Post-Bacc position. The ideal candidate will have excellent organizational, communication, and problem-solving skills to effectively work with a large, complicated, and diverse group of researchers.

https://www.indeed.com/viewjob?cmp=Ashland-University—Ashland,-OH&t=Research+Coordinator&jk=2b8aa4a2d28de65e&q=Ashland+University&vj

News from the Accelerator- October/November 2021

QUICK READ: 

  • PSACON2021 Videos are now uploaded on our YouTube page and will soon be on the website.
  • PSA 006 (Trolley Problem) has been accepted with minor revisions!

Elections

Thank you to everybody who nominated PSA members for Assistant Director positions. We are pleased to announce that Hans IJzerman and David Vaidis have been elected to serve as the Assistant Directors of the Funding and Project Monitoring committees respectively.

Study updates:

  • PSA-002 (Object Orientation): The lead team has submitted the Stage II manuscript to Psychonomic Bulletin & Review and is still awaiting feedback.
  • PSA-003 (Gendered Prejudice): The lead team has completed initial data analyses and is working on drafting a manuscript to send to collaborators for feedback.
  • PSA-004 (Accelerated CREP): The lead team is currently working on data processing, data analysis, and authorship credit tracking. The lead team expects to have a revised draft available for full team review/approval at the end of January.
  • PSA-005 (Stereotype Threat): PSA-005 data collection officially launched a month ago! As of right now, we have collected 393 participants! The lead team sends their thanks to everybody who helped with piloting the study.
  • PSA-006 (Trolley Problem): The manuscript has received an acceptance with minor revisions from Nature Human Behavior
  • PSA-007 (SPAM-L): The lead team is recruiting data collection collaborators. Interested people can now get added to canvas, view the current version of the registered report, and begin working on their institution’s necessary ethical documentation to collect data. Data collection timing will depend on the registered report process, translation, and coding. If you are interested in becoming a collaborator or want to learn more about 007 please email 007spaml@gmail.com
  • PSA-COVID Rapid Bundle (001/002/003)- 
    • PSACR-001 received a R&R at Affective Science. The lead team plans to solicit feedback from the full author group in the coming weeks.
    • PSACR-002 is now published in Nature Human Behaviour.
    • PSACR-003 received another favorable R&R from PNAS. The lead team is working on revisions and will soon update collaborators.

PSACON

PSACON was a blast. We had 254 people register to attend from 50 different geographical regions. A big thank you to all who presented, moderated, organized, attended, and sponsored seats to make this year’s conference a success. The PSACON videos have now been uploaded to our YouTube page and will be posted to the website soon. Please also make sure to fill out this feedback survey so we can make next year’s conference even better. 

Canvas

Everyone with a PSA account has now been added to the new membership site on Canvas. Make sure to log on to update your affiliations and to join projects. 

News from the Accelerator- September 2021

Elections

The Psychological Science Accelerator (PSA) is accepting self-nominations for Assistant Directors of our Project Monitoring, Data & Methods, Study Selection, and Funding Committees! Assistant Directors directly shape the direction of the PSA any many ways, including (a) helping establish committee-specific vision plans to help the PSA achieve its mission and adhere to its core principles, (b) overseeing day-to-day committee-specific operations, and (c) providing regular updates to the PSA Director and Associate Directors about progress and problems. They are elected by majority vote by the PSA Board of Directors and serve 3 year terms. All who are interested are encouraged to apply here: https://forms.gle/ZNyhZCz4GenazbYG6

Study updates:

  • PSA-002 (Object Orientation): The lead team has submitted the manuscript to PBR and is now awaiting feedback.
  • PSA-003 (Gendered Prejudice): The lead team is finalizing translation and preparing for data analysis. Thanks to all who reached out following the last newsletter’s request for help with translation!
  • PSA-004 (Accelerated CREP): The lead team is currently working on data processing, data analysis, and authorship credit tracking. They are also looking for people to code open-ended responses for Chinese, Russian, and Greek. Contact Savannah to help with coding (slewis16@ashland.edu).
  • PSA-005 (Stereotype Threat): Data collection will resume on October 11, 2021. The lead team has created a checklist on Canvas to guide labs in preparations for data collection. Each collaborator should have been added to the Canvas course. If you have not please email psa005stero@gmail.com!
  • PSA-006 (Trolley Problem): The lead team has submitted the Stage II submission to Nature Human Behavior.
  • PSA-007 (SPAM-L): SPAML is still recruiting collaborators, with contribution opportunities available through the Words2Many and Subs2Strudel pre-projects. The lead team has begun the first rounds of the registered report and will soon be sending these out to contributors for feedback. If you are interested in becoming a collaborator or want to learn more about 007 please email 007spaml@gmail.com
  • PSA-COVID Rapid Bundle (001/002/003)- 
    • PSACR001 (Loss Gain) has been submitted to Affective Science.
    • PSACR002 (Cognitive Reappraisal) has been published in Nature Human Behavior.
    • PSACR003 (Self Determination) was resubmitted to PNAS.

PSACON

Today is the last day to submit a presentation to the second annual PSA CON!! October 27th is the deadline for registration. See you all there!

Canvas

The PSA is slowly integrating our new membership website to Canvas. We will be starting to add in every member in the next couple of months. Be sure to check your inbox for your invitation.

News from the Accelerator- August 2021

Quick read: 

  • The PSACR-002 Cognitive Reappraisal project is now published in Nature Human Behaviour
  • The PSA virtual conference is still accepting presentation submissions and registration is still open! 
  • The PSA membership website is moving to Canvas. Each member will get an email soon with instructions regarding next steps.  

Study updates:

  • PSA-002 (Object Orientation): PSA-002 got a lot of great feedback on the Stage 2 manuscript from collaborators. The lead team is working through the feedback and plans to send collaborators an updated manuscript for additional feedback very soon.
  • PSA-003 (Gendered Prejudice): The lead team is currently in the process of translating the open-ended participant responses. Several languages have completed the translation process, and the lead team is soliciting volunteers for the remaining languages (Portuguese, Polish and Chinese).
  • PSA-004 (Accelerated CREP): The lead team is currently working on data processing, data analysis, and authorship credit tracking. 
  • PSA-005 (Stereotype Threat): The lead team anticipates starting in-person data collection on Monday, October 11, 2021. The team will also be recruiting new collaborators until Friday, September 3, 2021. If you are interested in becoming a collaborator or want to learn more about 005 please email psa005stero@gmail.com.
  • PSA-006 (Trolley Problem): The lead team has submitted the Stage II submission to Nature Human Behaviour and is waiting for feedback.
  • PSA-007 (SPAM-L): SPAM-L is still recruiting collaborators for the Words2Many and Subs2Strudel pre-projects. SPAM-L admin team is also working on putting together IRB documents (if necessary), and the lead team is working on drafting a  Registered Report. If you are interested in becoming a collaborator or want to learn more about PSA-007, please email 007spaml@gmail.com
  • PSA-COVID Rapid Bundle- 
    • PSACR-001 (Loss Gain) has been submitted to Affective Science.
    • PSACR-002 (Cognitive Reappraisal) is published in Nature Human Behavior.
    • PSACR-003 (Self-Determination) is incorporating coauthor feedback in preparation for a resubmission to PNAS.

Canvas

The PSA is slowly integrating our new membership website to Canvas. Canvas is designed for teaching, so many of the terms online are focused on teaching – but we plan to explore Canvas as a project management tool. We have officially added every PSA member to the system. You should get an email in the next couple of weeks saying you have been added to our PSA membership course. You should also receive an email containing a guide for how to navigate this new membership website

PSA Virtual Conference (PSACON)

This year’s conference will take place on Oct 28th, 29th and 30th from 7:00 to 19:00 UTC. You can now see our drafted schedule and booklet to see some of our exciting presentations. If you have not already, you can register and submit a presentation for the second annual virtual PSA CON! This year’s conference looks like it will be very exciting, and we have thus far been able to accommodate all members who have requested free access to the conference. We look forward to seeing you there! 

Open Science SEA

The PSA is partnering with the Advancing Science in Southeast Asia Web Conference 2021! The conference will be held virtually on October 29, 2021, and you can still register at http://sciencesea2021.com

Releasing the Results of the PSA’s COVID-Rapid Project

The PSACR Administrative Leadership Team
Heather Urry, Hannah Moshontz, Charles Ebersole, Jeremy K. Miller, 
Nicholas Coles, Maximilian Primbs, Erin Buchanan, Patrick S. Forscher

On March 13, 2020, the PSA put out a call for rapid and impactful studies on the psychological aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic. The goal of the call was to initiate the PSA’s COVID-Rapid Project, or PSACR, which would test whether our “big team science” model of massively collaborative psychology could contribute to a psychological understanding of the pandemic.

Now, a year and a quarter later, PSACR is bearing its first fruit. The scope of the project is staggering. According to our project methods, our project produced three core studies, a general health behavior survey, a dataset spanning over 47,000 participants and 44 languages and dialects in 110 countries, with a team of 467 collaborators. Moreover, we produced all these products on a budget of a bit less than $17,000 USD – of which $7,000 was donated by PSA members.

Just as impressive were the hurdles we had to overcome to produce these results. We obtained ethics approval across all our data collection sites, a process that involved huge administrative back-and-forth. We coordinated a translation team of at least 268, who completed forward translation, backward translation, and cultural adjustment processes. We coordinated 18 lab grants and the purchase of 15 semi-representative panels. We maintained two servers for data collection, programmed the project in 44 languages in formr, and completed a massive process of debugging. To maintain quality control, we coordinated a process of internal review before executing the project and revision processes when writing the papers that communicated the results.

We believe that our scientific results justify this massive effort. Our project has produced three highly precise and global tests of questions that are both theoretically and practically important. Moreover, we have produced a huge array of project materials in 44 languages, as well as a massive, meticulously documented dataset ripe for secondary analysis. We hope our three core studies are the first of many scientific contributions that PSACR will produce and inspire.

None of these achievements would have been possible without the PSA’s most valuable resource, its members. PSA members gave freely and generously of their skills and resources to make this project happen. Moreover, given that the author lists for these projects exceed 400, they did so knowing that they might not receive adequate compensation for their effects in the currency that most matters in academia, credit.

We list the main materials of the PSACR project below. Below that, we profile five contributors to this project. We chose these contributors to highlight people from different countries and project roles – and especially some of our many stellar contributors who are early in their careers. Although we do not have space to profile all 467 of our contributors, we hope this does something to make visible some of the many invisible contributions to the PSACR project.

PSACR Project Links

PSACR Study 001 Loss/Gain (preprint currently pre-data; OSF)

A global test of message framing on behavioural intentions, policy support, information seeking, and experienced anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic presents a critical need to identify best practices for communicating health information to the global public. It also provides an opportunity to test theories about risk communication. As part of a larger Psychological Science Accelerator COVID-19 Rapid Project, a global consortium of researchers will experimentally test competing hypotheses regarding the effects of framing messages in terms of losses versus gains. We will examine effects on three primary outcomes: intentions to adhere to policies designed to prevent the spread of COVID-19, opinions about such policies, and the likelihood that participants seek additional policy information. Whereas research on negativity bias and loss aversion predicts that loss-framing will have greater impact, research on encouraging the adoption of protective health behaviour suggests the opposite (i.e., gain-framing will be more persuasive). We will also assess effects on experienced anxiety. Given the potentially low cost and the scalable nature of framing interventions, results could be valuable to health organizations, policymakers, and news sources globally.

PSACR Study 002 Reappraisal (preprint; OSF)

A global test of brief reappraisal interventions on emotions during the COVID-19 pandemic

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has increased negative emotions and decreased positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes might have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we tested the effectiveness of reappraisal, an emotion regulation strategy which modifies how one thinks about a situation. Participants from 87 countries/regions (N = 21,644) were randomly assigned to one of two brief reappraisal interventions (reconstrual or repurposing) or one of two control conditions (active or passive). Results revealed that both reappraisal interventions (vs. both control conditions) had consistent effects in reducing negative emotions and increasing positive emotions across different measures. Reconstrual and repurposing had similar effects. Importantly, planned exploratory analyses indicated that reappraisal interventions did not reduce intentions to practice preventive health behaviours. The findings demonstrate the viability of creating scalable, low-cost interventions for use around the world to build resilience during the pandemic and beyond.

PSACR Study 003 Self Determination (preprint currently under revision; OSF)

A Global Experiment on Motivating Social Distancing during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Abstract: Finding communication strategies that can effectively motivate social distancing continues to be a global public health priority during the COVID-19 pandemic as people around the world wait to be vaccinated. This cross-country preregistered experiment (n=25,718 from 89 countries) tested hypotheses concerning generalizable positive and negative outcomes of different motivational messages encouraging social distancing that either promoted personal agency (i.e., autonomy supportive), or pressured people with shaming and blaming tactics (i.e., controlling). Participants were randomly assigned to three conditions: an autonomy-supportive message promoting reflective choices, a controlling message that was restrictive and shaming, or no message, which functioned to capture the real-life communications participants had been receiving. Results partially supported experimental hypotheses: the controlling message elicited more defiance relative to the autonomy-supportive message and increased controlled motivation (engaging in social distancing out of guilt and fear of social consequences) relative to no message, but messages did not influence behavioral intentions. Additionally, motivation to engage in social distancing out of guilt and fear of consequences correlated with more defiance and less long-term behavioral intentions to engage in social distancing, whereas motivation to engage in social distancing out of a true understanding of why the rules are important and necessary yielded the opposite patterns. Overall, this work highlights the potential harm of using shaming and pressuring language in public health communication.

Profiles of PSACR Contributors

Miguel Silan

Miguel Silan is a researcher in the Philippines affiliated with the University of the Philippines Diliman. He is working to organize the local methodological community to adopt the methods reforms and tackle the various issues of the credibility crisis. 

Migs is a long-time contributor to the PSA, first as a member of the Translation and Cultural Diversity committee, and more recently as the new Assistant Director of the Community Building and Network Expansion Committee (CBNEC). With the committee, he has co-organized the monthly PSA coffee hours, Slack engagement threads, the onboarding/welcome channel and is currently organizing a more targeted recruitment of PSA members in world regions that are under-represented in current memberships. With PSA working groups, he is also planning to establish an accessible expertise sharing within the PSA (“The Hub”) and to establish regional support groups that aims to increase culture sensitive and culturally specific research approaches. In the past Migs organized no less than three sessions for PSACON2020 and has been a frequent contributor on topics related to translation and measurement in different cultural contexts. For PSACR, Migs helped lead the development of the health behavior survey that accompanied the three core PSACR studies and was the language-wide coordinator for the Filipino versions of the PSACR project. 

Biljana Gjoneska

Biljana is a Research Associate at the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts. She has a passion for multinational studies and has participated in eight, four of which were PSA projects. Biljana also loves truly global initiatives like the PSA, where she strives to increase the visibility of her beautifully weird and non-WEIRD country (North Macedonia) in the domains of social psychology and social neuroscience.

Biljana is a more recent member of the PSA but has nevertheless been an extremely active contributor. She has participated in numerous PSA-sponsored hack-a-thons, including one on the PSA’s study selection process at PSACON2020. At PSACON2020, she presented a concept for auction of studies, that may help facilitate discussions and decision-making processes for preselection of PSA proposals. Her cumulative experiences with the PSA community inspired her to contribute to the PSA as one of its leaders; she was recently appointed as an Assistant Director on the PSA’s Ethics Committee. For PSACR, Biljana was the language-wide coordinator for Macedonian, for which she managed a team of five to complete the forward translations, backward translations, and cultural adjustments of our three core studies and the health behavior survey. Bilijana also contributed to the coding of location data for the general dataset; these data serve as the basis for the focal inferences in the three core studies.

İlker Dalgar

İlker is an Assistant Professor at Ankara Medipol University. He is also working on co-founding the Turkey Open Science Initiative, which aims to promote open and robust research practices, facilitate big team science, and facilitate discussion of and training related to research issues in Turkey.

İlker has been a long-time contributor to the PSA as an Assistant Director of the Translation and Cultural Diversity Committee. In this role, İlker helped develop the PSA’s translation procedures and standards, which have by now been implemented in nine PSA studies. İlker has also led or assisted with three PSA-themed grant proposals, all focused around increasing the participation from researchers in world regions currently underrepresented in the PSA network. For PSACR, İlker served as the language-wide coordinator for Turkish, managing a team of thirteen to complete forward and backward translations, as well as cultural adjustments, for all three core studies and our health behavior survey.

Maximilian Primbs

Max is finishing his Research Master’s in Behavioural Science. In fall, 2021, Max will begin a PhD at Radboud University, the Netherlands, where he will study situational models of implicit bias.

Even though Max joined the PSACR project very early in his career, he shouldered a huge responsibility as the project’s primary translation coordinator. For a project involving 44 languages, three primary studies, and a health behavior survey, as well as a translation team of at least 268 people, this was an enormous responsibility. The translation procedure was also more involved than is typical for many projects, involving separate forward translation, backward translation, and cultural adjustment stages. Max rose to the occasion, ensuring this massive task got done in a timely way and assisting team members with troubleshooting when issues inevitably arose. This huge responsibility whet Max’s appetite for “big team science”; Max ran for and won a seat as an Assistant Director of the Translation and Cultural Diversity Committee and has helped organize two PSA-themed conference submissions.

Savannah Lewis

Savannah was a long-time research assistant in Chris Chartier’s lab. She has now transitioned into an Assistant Director position at the Ashland University International Collaborative Research Center. She will soon be looking for PhD programs, likely starting in 2022. 

Savannah was among the PSA’s first crop of interns. She has been the invisible glue holding the PSA together, safeguarding the PSA’s transition into a full-fledged organization. She has done everything from organizing the PSA’s first conference, PSACON2020, to running the PSA’s newsletters, to administering PSA004 Accelerated CREP. For the PSACR projects, Savannah assisted with general administration and technical implementation. In these capacities, she helped manage the master spreadsheet that tracked general project progress and the complex web of interlocking spreadsheets and software that transformed the 44 language versions of the PSACR project into 44 functioning formr surveys.