Over the last ten years, Oosterhof and Todorov’s valence-dominance model has emerged as the most prominent account of how people evaluate faces on social dimensions. In this model, two dimensions (valence and dominance) underpin social judgments of faces. To which world regions this model applies is a critical, yet unanswered, question. We addressed this question by replicating Oosterhof and Todorov’s methodology across multiple world regions. When we used Oosterhof’s and Todorov’s original analysis strategy, the valence-dominance model generalized across regions. When we used an alternative strategy that allowed for a more optimal number of correlated latent factors, we observed much less generalization. These results underscore how each analysis strategy embeds substantive assumptions that can strongly influence theoretical conclusions.


PSA 001- The Stage 2 Registered Report received a revise-and-resubmit from Nature Human Behaviour. The participating labs are currently reviewing the updated manuscript. After the lead authors address those comments, they will resubmit the manuscript.